It is impossible to keep your knees healthy and in perfect shape even when you are getting older. What’s important is that you know the secrets in maintaining healthy knees. Prevention is really better than cure so if you are still not suffering from any knee problem, you must already start to follow these tips in keeping your knees healthy.
Knee pain is one of the most common orthopedic problems encountered and its rehabilitation depends on the history of its injury. The knee pain can either be chronic or caused by a sudden injury. Runners usually experience pain due to sprain after they run or jog. If it’s a sharp and sudden pain, this could be caused by a torn ligament and this needs an immediate medical response. Other times though, the injury is caused by strain and the treatment for this can start right at home. For strained knee, resting is the first step to take the strain off. Then, apply ice on the area for short intervals at a time, 15 minutes on and 45 minutes off for every waking hour. Do not apply ice for longer then 15 minutes as it could damage your skin and create a reverse effect. After icing the affected area, wrap it with a bandage for compression. Then, elevate the injured area as you rest it. These 4 steps are called the RICE or Rest, Ice, Compression & Elevation method. If following the RICE method does not work, you must see a medical professional for proper knee rehabilitation.
If the knee injury is not caused by strain, it can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or an injured ligament. If ever you notice stiffness after running, you may need to speak to a medical professional for a proper diagnosis. He will then perform physical examination and perhaps an x-ray or an MRI to see what’s really causing the problem.
A Soft Tissue Injury (STI)happens when your muscles, tendons and ligaments get damaged because of a sprain or strain. It happens when one overuses or put too much stress on a particular joint. As a result the pain accompanied by bruising or swelling. STI is a very common problem and it can easily be remedied as long as the pain that accompanies it is not severe.
When STI occurrs, an immediate response applying the principle of “PRICE” would make a big difference. PRICE means Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. After an injury, the patient should be prevented from making any movements as it allows to prevent further damage. If the patient feels the pain, when he/she bends or walks then he/she should avoid these movements. If absolutely necessary, crutches may be used. Icing minimizes the pain and the swelling especially during the first 3 days after the injury has occurred. Ice is placed on the affected area for 15-20 minutes at a time every waking hour. Take a note that if you have diabetes or poor blood circulation, you must consult your doctor first before applying a cold pack. Pressure is applied to compress the injured area to control bleeding and swelling. Elevation of the affected area also minimizes the bleeding and swelling. Raise the affected area above the heart level for the first 72 hours or until the swelling would subside.